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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 14(9); 2001 > Article
Swine Nutrition and Feed Technology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2001;14(9): 1272-1275.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2001.1272    Published online September 1, 2001.
Use of Squilla (Orato squilla nepa), Squid (Sepia pharonis) and Clam (Katelysia opima) Meal Alone or in Combination as a Substitute for Fish Meal in the Postlarval Diet of Macrobrachium rosenbergii
S. D. Naik, N. P. Sahu, K. K. Jain
Abstract
Two hundred and forty post-larvae (PL) of fresh water prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii were distributed in eight treatment groups with three replicates each. Eight experimental diets were prepared by using squilla (Orato squilla nepa), squid (Sepia pharonis) and clam (katelysia opima) alone or in different combination as source of animal protein and compared to a control diet containing fish meal. Total crude protein content for all dietary treatments was around 32%. Total protein content of fish meal was replaced by an equal amount of protein from different animal protein sources on isonitrogenous basis. Diets were fed at 5% of the body weight of post-larvae twice daily. The experiment was conducted for a period of 60 days. It was found that all the above three protein sources could be used by completely replacing fishmeal except clam meal at higher level of inclusion (26%). A combination of squid and squilla meal at 14% each in the diet increased the growth performance of PL significantly (p<0.05) in terms of Specific growth rate (SGR) % (5.17), FCR (2.12) and PER (1.51). Squilla meal can be used to the maximum level of 38% without any growth depression.
Keywords: Macrobrachium rosenbergii; Squid; Squilla; Clam Meal; Fish Meal; SGR
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