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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 14(2); 2001 > Article
Animal Products
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2001;14(2): 268-275.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2001.268    Published online February 1, 2001.
Low Cholesterol Mozzarella Cheese Obtained from Homogenized and β-Cyclodextrin-Treated Milk
H. S. Kwak, C. G. Nam, J. Ahn
Abstract
The effects of homogenization conditions and 棺-cyclodextrin (棺-CD) on cholesterol removal of Mozzarella cheese were examined. The homogenization pressure influenced markedly on the cholesterol removal in milk and, 75.64% of cholesterol, the highest rate, was removed at 70.0 kg/cm2. In addition, an increase in temperature resulted in an increase of cholesterol removal in the range of 71.75 to 78.22%. Among different concentrations of 棺-CD addition, 1.0% showed 78.21% of cholesterol removal. Therefore, cholesterol-reduced Mozzarella cheese was made by cheese milk treated with 70 kg/cm2 homogenization at 70째C and 1% 棺-CD addition for a subsequent study. The cholesterol reduction of cholesterol-reduced Mozzarella cheese was 63.92%. Meltability, stretchability and oiling-off in cholesterol-reduced cheese were significantly lower than those in control. Hardness, gumminess and chewiness were significantly reduced, while cohesiveness and elasticity increased. Appearance and flavor of the cheese were superior, but texture inferior to the control.
Keywords: Cholesterol Removal; 棺-Cyclodextrin; Mozzarella Cheese; Homogenization


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