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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 14(1); 2001 > Article
Animal Reproduction and Physiology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2001;14(1): 7-12.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2001.7    Published online January 1, 2001.
Factors Affecting the Survival of Frozen Thawed Bovine In Vitro Produced Blastocysts
H. Gustafsson, B. Larsson, M. Shamsuddin, U. Jaakma, U. Emanuelson
Abstract
Factors Affecting the Survival of Frozen Thawed Bovine In Vitro Produced Blastocysts. The effect of some factors on the post-thaw survival of a total of 240 in vitro produced bovine blastocysts was investigated using logistic regression analysis. The explanatory variables tested were: type of culture medium before freezing (TCM 199 supplemented with BSA, BSAITS (BSA+insulin+transferrin+selenium), ECS (estrous cow serum) with or without BOEC (bovine oviductal epithelial cells), age of the blastocyst (Day 7, Day 8+9), morphological appearance before freezing (distinct=Q1 or indistinct=Q2 inner cell mass) and type of cryoprotectant (glycerol, 1.0 M or ethylene glycol, 1.6 M). The survival after thawing based on the post-thaw quality and the development after co-culture with BOEC for 24 and 48 hours. Day 7 blastocysts had an almost three times better chance of survival than Day 8+9 blastocysts. Q1, Day 8+9 blastocysts had higher odds to survive after 48 hours in culture than Q2 blastocysts (p<0.05). Blastocysts produced in BSAITS medium had the best chances of survival; however, the odds were not always significant. Blastocysts frozen in glycerol had a better post-thaw quality rating than those frozen in ethylene glycol; however, the difference in post-thaw development at culture was not significant. The relationship between post-thaw quality and post-thaw development at culture was significant (p<0.05). The developmental stage and/or age of the embryo and culture medium where development up to blastocyst takes place affect the post-thaw survival of the bovine embryos.
Keywords: Bovine; Embryo Age; Insulin-Transferrin-Selenium; Glycerol; Ethylene Glycol; Post-Thaw Quality Score
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