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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2000;13(11): 1529-1535.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2000.1529    Published online November 1, 2000.
The Role of Corticotropin-Releasing Factor and Urocortin in Brain Mechanisms Controlling Feed Intake of Sheep
K. Sunagawa, R. S. Weisiger, M. J. McKinley, B. S. Purcell, C. Thomson, P. L. Burns
Abstract
The aim of the present study was to determine whether brain corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and a new peptide, urocortin (UCN) have a direct action in brain mechanisms controlling feed, water and salt intake in sheep. We gave a continuous intracerebroventricular (ICV) infusion of the peptide at a small dose of 5 關g/0.2 ml/hr for 98.5 hrs from day 1 to day 5 in sheep not exposed to stress. Feed and water intake during ICV infusion of CRF or UCN decreased significantly compared to those during artificial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) infusion. NaCl intake during infusion of CRF or UCN was the same as that during CSF infusion. Mean carotid arterial blood pressure (MAP) and heart rate during ICV infusion of CRF or UCN were not significantly different from that during CSF infusion. On the other hand, the plasma glucose concentration during ICV infusion of CRF or UCN tended to be higher than that during CSF infusion. These observations indicate that decreased feed intake induced by CRF and UCN infusion is not mediated by the activation of both the pituitary-adrenal axis and the sympathetic nervous system. The results suggested that brain CRF and UCN act directly in brain mechanisms controlling ingestive behavior to decrease feed and water intake, but do not alter salt intake in sheep.
Keywords: CRF; Urocortin; Brain; Feed Intake; Sheep


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