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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 13(10); 2000 > Article
Review Paper
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2000;13(10): 1482-1498.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2000.1482    Published online October 1, 2000.
Chicken Breeding with Local Breeds in China - A Review
X. Jiang, A. F. Groen
Abstract
This paper reviews the meat-type chicken breeding with local breeds in China. The quality chickens are defined as purebred final products of local breeds, and semi-quality chickens as crossbreds of local breeds with specialized broiler (sire or dam) lines from western breeding organizations. The present status of the chicken production and the market in China, in comparison with the western countries, is reviewed, indicating that there is large market demand for (semi-) quality chickens in the present and future China. Breeding for (semi-) quality chickens emphasizes the sensory quality of chicken meat. The present status of breeding for (semi-) quality chickens with the local breeds is illustrated, including breeding goals and the existing breeding programs. The potential role of local breeds in breeding programs in China is discussed in relation to both providing higher quality (than commercial hybrid broilers) of chicken meat for the local market and meeting the objectives of genetic resource conservation. Besides, further research topics on breeding for (semi-) quality chickens are suggested.
Keywords: Local Breeds; Quality Chickens; Genetic Diversity; Broiler Breeding; China


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