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Swine Nutrition and Feed Technology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2000;13(7): 995-1002.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2000.995    Published online July 1, 2000.
Energy Efficiency and Nutrient Deposition in Early-Weaned Pigs, according to Fat Sources Containing Different Acidic Series
P. Bosi, H. J. Jung, In K. Han, J. A. Cacciavillani, L. Casini, S. Mattuzzi
To evaluate energy efficiency and partition of nutrients, 32 piglets were weaned at 14 d of age and individually fed diets containing 15% fat from coconut oil (CO, medium chain saturated), high oleate sunflower oil (HOSO, n-9 series), soybean oil (SO, n-6 series), or linseed oil plus fish oil, (LF, n-3 series). After 4 weeks, the subjects were sacrificed to evaluate empty body composition and apparent ileal digestibility with the slaughter method. No statistical effect of dietary fat sources on growth was observed. The digestibility of fat from the coconut oil diet was higher than fats from the diets containing high levels of unsaturated fatty acids. The efficiency of use of metabolizable energy for growth averaged 63% and was not affected by the diet. Dietary fat composition was reflected strongly in backfat. Total body neutral and polar fatty acids were influenced too. For the whole body phospholipid fraction the ratio of n-6 to n-3 and the double bond index were 4.3, 5.8, 7.2, 0.78 and 69, 87, 89, 87 for CO, HOSO, SO, and LF respectively. These results show that for the coconut oil diet the degree of unsaturation of phospholipids in the body was lower and that, in the other diets, it did not differ, but double bond index was maintained with different n-6 to n-3 ratios in carcass fat. On the whole the data on body fat composition indicate that the dietary fat tended to be deposited in similar quantity in the body, whatever was the dietary fatty acid profile.
Keywords: Piglets; Fatty Acids; Fats; Energetic Efficiency; Phospholipids
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