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Swine Nutrition and Feed Technology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2000;13(7): 974-979.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2000.974    Published online July 1, 2000.
Effects of Sodium Sulfite and Extrusion on the Nutritional Value of Soybean Meal in Piglets Weaned at 21 Days
X. S. Piao, J. Jin, J. D. Kim, J. H. Kim, K. S. Sohn, Y. Hyun, In K. Han
Abstract
A total of 80 weaned piglets (Landrace횞Yorkshire횞Large White) were used in a 28-day growth assay to determine the optimal inclusion level of sodium sulfite (Na2SO3) as an extrusion enhancer of soybean meal for nursery piglets. piglets (21 d of age, 6.04 kg of BW) were grouped into 4 treatments in a completely randomized block design. Treatments were: 1) Extruded SBM (Control), 2) Extruded SBM with 0.5% Na2SO3 (0.5 ESBM), 3) Extruded SBM with 1.0% Na2SO3 (1.0 ESBM) and 4) Extruded SBM with 1.5% Na2SO3 (1.5 ESBM). Each treatment has 4 replicates of 5 heads per pen. In phase I (d 0 to 14), diets supplied 3,4 00 kcal ME/kg, 23% crude protein, 1.65% lysine, 0.50% methionine, 0.9% Ca and 0.8% P. Phase II (d 14 to 28) diets contained 3,300 kcal ME/kg, 21% crude protein, 1.45% lysine, 0.45% methionine, 0.9% Ca and 0.8% P. For d 0 to 14, piglets fed 1.5 ESBM had greater ADG, ADFI and FCR compared to piglets fed control and 0.5 ESBM diet. ADG was significantly higher in piglets fed 1.5 ESBM diet than other groups (p<0.05) except 1.0 ESBM. In phase II (d 14 to 28), there was no significant differences in production traits among treatments. For overall period (d 0 to 28), piglets fed diets with high sodium sulfite grew faster than piglets fed control and 0.5 ESBM diets. The highest ADG and the best FCR were obtained in piglets fed diets with 1.5 ESBM during the entire period. Piglets fed 1.5 ESBM diet showed significantly higher crude protein digestibility than 0.5 ESBM (p<0.05) at d 14 post-weanling, but not at d 28 post-weanling. There were no significant differences in digestibilities of total amino acids. In conclusion, the addition level of 1~1.5% sodium sulfite for SBM extrusion could be favorable for rate and efficiency of growth in weaning pigs.
Keywords: Piglets; Growth; Sodium Sulfite; Extruded Soybean Meal


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