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Animal Reproduction and Physiology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2000;13(7): 894-896.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2000.894    Published online July 1, 2000.
Effect of Oviductal Cell Co-Culture on Cleavage and Development of Buffalo IVF Embryos
P. S. Yadav, S. Khanna, O. K. Hooda, R. K. Sethi
In vitro fertilization can be used for salvaging superior buffalo germplasm which otherwise goes waste after the slaughter of animals. This technology has also increased our basic understanding of growth of germ cells and embryos. The requirement of growing embryos is peculiar and stage specific. In the present study the cleavage and development of buffalo embryos were studied with homologous (buffalo) and heterologous (goat) oviductal cell co-culture systems. The cleavage rate improved significantly (p<0.01) in both homologous and heterologous co-culture as compared to control (55.3, 46.8 and 11.4%). The morula formation using homologous and heterologous oviductal cells also increased significantly as compared to control group (43.6, 21.9 & 1.9%). There was no blastula formation in control group, but addition of oviductal cells either from homologous or heterologous species significantly increased the blastula formation (9.5, 12.5%). The cleavage rate and embryo development was slightly better (non significant) in homologous as compared to heterologous oviductal cell culture. It was concluded that the use of oviductal cell co-culture (homologous and heterologous species) have significantly improved cleavage and development of buffalo embryos in vitro.
Keywords: Buffalo; IVF; Oviductal Cells; Co-Culture; Heterologous

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