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Animal Reproduction and Physiology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2000;13(6): 748-756.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2000.748    Published online June 1, 2000.
Glucose and Its Role in Generating Reactive Oxygen Species Required for Mouse Sperm Fertilizing Ability
S. C. Lin, M. C. Chen, A. J. Huang, B. Salem, K. C. Li, K. Chou
Effects of xanthine (X), xanthine oxidase (XO), and catalase (C), H2O2, and carbohydrates on sperm capacitation, acrosome reaction, and fertilizing ability in vitro were examined. Glucose alone, but not fructose, supported the maximum rate of sperm capacitation and acrosome reaction. However, in the combination of X, XO, and C (XXOC) or H2O2, fructose alone also supported maximum capacitation, acrosome reaction, and fertilization. Either insufficient or excessive amounts of H2O2 decreased sperm capacitation and the acrosome reaction. In order to understand how glucose generates H2O2 or other reactive oxygen species in sperm cells, 6-aminonicotinamide, an inhibitor of the pentose-phosphate pathway (PPP), and apocynin, an inhibitor of NADPH oxidase, were added to sperm suspensions in glucose-containing medium. Results appeared that sperm capacitation, acrosome reaction, and fertilization were consequently inhibited by either one of these compounds. These inhibitory effects were nullified by addition of XXOC. These results support the hypothesis that glucose, in addition to being a substrate for glycolysis, facilitates sperm capacitation and the acrosome reaction by generating reactive oxygen species through G-6-P dehydrogenase and NADPH oxidase.
Keywords: Sperm; Fertilization; Fructose; Glucose; Superoxide Anion; Hydrogen Peroxide
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