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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 13(5); 2000 > Article
Animal Products
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2000;13(5): 681-685.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2000.681    Published online May 1, 2000.
The Effect of Automatic Environmental Control by Image Analysis System on the Performance of Pigs in Different Seasons
D. I. Chang, C. S. Park, H. S. Lee, B. D. Lee, H. H. Chang
Abstract
A computer software was developed in our laboratory to automatically control the pigs environment by the image analysis system (IAS), which monitors and analyzes the pig''''s behavior and feeds the results back to the computer hardware. Three feeding trials were conducted with growing pigs (L횞Y) to test the effectiveness of the IAS under various seasons. In all three trials, the open-sided conventional pens with half-slatted floor were used as controls; for the IAS treatment, fully-slatted floors were used in the windowless pens. Experiment 1 was conducted in the winter for 30 d with 24 growing pigs. There were two treatments (Conventional vs. IAS), and three pens (replicates) per treatment. During the growing period, the feed efficiency was significantly (p<0.05) improved by the IAS. In addition, the pigs reared under the IAS during the growing period displayed better growth rate during the finishing period than did the pigs reared under the conventional conditions. Experiment 2 was conducted in the summer for 30 d with 24 growing pigs. The experimental design was the same as Experiment 1. During the finishing period, all the pigs were kept in conventional open-sided pens until their market weights to evaluate their carcass characteristics. During the growing period, the growth rate and feed efficiency of the pigs in the IAS was better than those of the control pigs. In addition, various carcass characteristics were significantly improved by the IAS rearing during the growing period. Experiment 3 was conducted with 30 growing pigs for 30 d in the spring. The experimental design was the same as Experiment 1. No difference was found in growing performance between the control and IAS pigs. It could be concluded that the IAS is effective in providing optimum conditions for the growing pigs in summer and winter seasons. In addition, providing an optimum environment during the growing period results in improved growth rate, feed efficiency, and carcass qualities for the finishing pigs.
Keywords: Image Analysis System; Seasonal Growth; Pig; Controlled Environment


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