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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 13(1); 2000 > Article
Ruminant Nutrition and Forage Utilization
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2000;13(1): 23-30.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2000.23    Published online January 1, 2000.
Effect of Grass Lipids and Long Chain Fatty Acids on Cellulose Digestion by Pure Cultures of Rumen Anaerobic Fungi, Piromyces rhizinflata B157 and Orpinomyces joyonii SG4
S. S. Lee, J. K. Ha, K. H. Kim, K. J. Cheng
Abstract
The effects of grass lipids and long chain fatty acids (LCFA; palmitic, stearic and oleic acids), at low concentrations (0.001~0.02%), on the growth and enzyme activity of two strains of anaerobic fungi, monocentric strain Piromyces rhizinflata B157 and polycentric strain Orpinomyces joyonii SG4, were investigated. The addition of grass lipids to the medium significantly (p<0.05) decreased filter paper (FP) cellulose digestion, cellulase activity and fungal growth compared to control treatment. However, LCFA did not have any significant inhibitory effects on fungal growth and enzyme activity, which, however, were significantly (p<0.05) stimulated by the addition of oleic acid as have been observed in rumen bacteria and protozoa. This is the first report to our knowledge on the effects of LCFA on the rumen anaerobic fungi. Continued work is needed to identify the mode of action of LCFA in different fungal strains and to verify whether these microorganisms have ability to hydrogenate unsaturated fatty acids to saturated fatty acids.
Keywords: Long Chain Fatty Acids; Grass Lipids; Rumen Anaerobic Fungus; Cellulose Digestion; Cellulase Activity


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