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Swine Nutrition and Feed Technology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1999;12(8): 1273-1276.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1999.1273    Published online December 1, 1999.
Thermoregulatory Responses of Swamp Buffaloes and Friesian Cows to Diurnal Changes in Temperature
A. Koga, K. Kurata, R. Furukawa, M. Nakajima, Y. Kanai, T. Chikamune
Several reports have indicated that a rectal temperature of buffaloes is easily influenced by their surroundings. To clarify an effect of changing environmental temperature on thermoregulatory responses of buffaloes, an environment with diurnal temperature changes of 25째C to 35째C was created using an artificial climate laboratory. Three swamp buffaloes and three Friesian cows were exposed to three different experimental periods as follows: Period 1 (constant temperature of 30째C, Period 2 (diurnally changing temperature) and Period 3 (diurnally changing temperature and fasting). Heat production, rectal temperature, respiration rate, heart rate and respiration volume were measured during each period. Rectal temperature of the buffaloes fluctuated diurnally with the changing temperature (Periods 2 and 3), but remained constant in cows. Mean heat production was significantly lower in buffaloes than in cows in Period 2 and 3. However, the maximum rectal temperature and the increment of heat production were not always lower in buffaloes than in cows during Period 2. These results show that a rectal temperature and heat production in buffaloes are markedly influenced by the diurnal changes in temperature. Compared with Bos Taurus cows, the differences may be attributed to the physiological features of buffaloes including a high heat conductivity of their bodies and an lower heat production.
Keywords: Buffaloes; Diurnally Changing Temperature; Thermo-Lability; Thermoregulation

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