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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 12(6); 1999 > Article
Swine Nutrition and Feed Technology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1999;12(6): 923-931.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1999.923    Published online September 1, 1999.
Performance and Carcass Composition of Broilers under Heat Stress : II. The Effects of Dietary Lysine
E. O. S. Hussein, H. A. Al-Batshan
Abstract
An experiment was conducted to determine the effect of lysine on performance and carcass composition of broilers under heat stress during the grower period (3-6 weeks). A factorial arrangement of three levels of dietary protein (18, 20, and 22%), three levels of dietary lysine (1.26, 1.39, and 1.52%), and wo rearing temperature regimens were used in this study. Birds were kept under either moderate temperature (24 1째C 24h) or hot cycling temperature (26-34째C g h, 34 1째C 12h, and 34-26째C 6h). Body weight (BW), weight gain (WG), feed intake (FI), feed conversion (FE), carcass weight (CW), carcass yield (CY), and percentages of breast meat (BM), abdominal fat (AF), drumsticks (DS), and thighs (TH) were determined at the end of experiment. Exposure to high ambient temperature significantly (p < 0.05) decreased BW, WG, FI, FE, CW, BM, AF, and increased CY, DS and TH. High dietary protein significantly (p < 0.05) decreased AF and TH, and improved CW only under moderate temperature, resulting in significant (p < 0.05) protein by temperature interaction. High dietary lysine significantly (p < 0.05) decreased BW, WG, FI, CW, CY and AF, while BM was reduced only when high dietary protein was fed, resulting in significant (p < 0.05) protein by lysine interaction. It is concluded that increasing dietary lysine adversely affected broilers'''''''' performance and carcass composition irrespective of rearing temperature.
Keywords: Heat Stress; Lysine; Broilers; Performance


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