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Animal Reproduction and Physiology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1999;12(6): 868-870.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1999.868    Published online September 1, 1999.
Ovarian Activity of Dromedary (Single Humped) Camel (Camelus dromedarius) in North-Eastern Nigeria
M. S. Yahaya, J. Takahashi, S. Matsuoka, O. Alaku
Abstract
A total of 69 ovaries were collected from 345 camels slaughtered in Maiduguri abattoir, North-Eastern part of Nigeria, to study the influence of season on ovary weight and corpus luteum count in the dromedary (single humped) camel (Camelus dromedaries). Right ovary ws significantly heavier (p < 0.01) and had more follicular fluid than the left. Although corpus luteum count increased gradually throughout the study period, no camel had 3 active corpora lutea and only 53 out of the total number had two. Ovarian activity seem to be higher in the cold dry harmattan season, November/December, than during the warmer post rainy season, September/October. These periods can be exploited by farmers, especially peasants who rely heavily on natural mating, to obtain greater conception rates and reduce the chance of failure during mating.
Keywords: Ovary Weight; Corpus Luteum; Single Humped Camel; Camelus dromedaries; Nigeria


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