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Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1999;12(3): 422-428.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1999.422    Published online May 1, 1999.
Mineral Concentration in Blood of Grazing Goats and Some Forage in Lahar-Laden Area of Central Luzon, Philipines
E. A. Orden, A. B. Serra, S. D. Serra, C. P. Aganon, E. M. Cruz, L. C. Cruz, T. Fujihara
The mineral status of native goats and forage species, namely; Cynodon plectostachyus, Pennisetum purpureum, Eleusine Indica, Cynodon dactylon, Calopogonium muconoides, Centrosema pubescens, Leucaena leococephla, and Mimosa pudica in lahar affected areas of Concepcion, Tarlac, Philippines were determined. Forage and blood samples were collected six times in 1996-97, and analyzed for calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sulfur, copper, iron , molybdenum, selenium, and zinc. Forage calcium and sulfur are non-limiting. Most species had low phosphorus, copper and selenium, while some had magnesium and zinc levels lower than the critical limit because of low mineral content and high percolation rate of lahar deposits. Iron and molybdenum were in excess. The effect of seasonal variation was observed only in copper, sulfur and iron. Average blood mineral concentration of the animals was above critical limit, but there were no significant differences between seasons. All the animals had plasma phosphorus and magnesium above critical level; but 20% had low copper, zinc and selenium especially in dry season possibly due to insufficient amount of these elements and excessive molybdenum and iron in most forage. Conversely, calcium in forage was high; but 40% of the animals had low plasma calcium concentration. Although no clinical signs of mineral deficiencies were observed, supplemental feeding would be important since the condition of the pasture in lahar-laden areas is not expected to improve in the next five years. Intensified use of L. leucocephala with better mineral profile would be ideal.
Keywords: Tarlac; Philippines; Lahar-Laden; Minerals; Goats; Forage Species
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