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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 12(2); 1999 > Article
Review Paper
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1999;12(2): 244-252.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1999.244    Published online March 1, 1999.
PSE (pale, soft, exudative) Pork : The Causes and Solutions - Review -
Y. B. Lee, Y. I. Choi
Abstract
Intensive selection for muscle development and against fat deposition in pigs during the last 50 years has contributed to the increased incidence of porcine stress syndrome (PSS) and pale and soft exudative pork (PSE). Genetics, nutrition and management, preslaughter animal handling, stunning, dehairing and carcass chilling influence the incidence and magnitude of the PSE condition. The normal incidence of PSE has been reported to range from 10 to 30%, but in some isolated instances is up to 60%. The elimination of halothane-positive pigs in breeding programs has reduced PSS and PSE. Rurther improvements in meat quality by terminal sire evaluation and selection can be achieved within halothane-negative populations because around 20% of the variation in meat color and water binding capacity seems to be genetically related. Pre-slaughter handling on the farm, during transit to the packing plant and at the packing plant can greatly influence the meat quality, contributing 10 to 25% of the variation. An effective stunning method, skinning instead of scalding/dehairing and rapid post-slaughter chilling further reduce the incidence of PSE pork. In addition to proper care and handling a carcass-merit based marketing system, that reflected the value differential between desirable and undesirable meat quality in the pricing system for pigs, would provide a great incentive to change pork production systems in order to improve meat quality, thus improving the image and usefulness of pork as food.
Keywords: PSE; PSS; Pre-Slaughter Handling; Post-Slaughter Chilling; Meat Quality
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