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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 12(2); 1999 > Article
Swine Nutrition and Feed Technology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1999;12(2): 197-202.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1999.197    Published online March 1, 1999.
The Effect of Calcium Level on Microbial Phytase Activity and Nutrient Balance in Swine
Defa Li, X. R. Che, Y. Q. Wang, S. Y. Qiao, H. Cao, W. Johnson, P. Thacker
Abstract
Three barrows weighing 45.0 kg, fitted with simple T-cannulas in both the duodenum and terminal ileum, were assigned to diets in a 3횞3 Latin Square design experiment to determine the effects of two calcium levels (0.8% vs 0.4%) on phytase activity and nutrient balance in growing pigs. The control diet contained 0.8% calcium, with no added inorganic phosphorus (0.45% total phosphorus) and no added phytase. The two additional experimental diets contained microbial phytase (750 phytase units/kg) and supplied either 0.8% or 0.4% calcium. With added microbial phytase, ileal and total tract digestibility of total phosphorus were improved by 20.9 and 13.8 percentage units, respectively (p=0.01). The apparent duodenal and ileal digestibility of phytate phosphorus were increased by 51.8 and 49.7 percentage units. (p=0.001). Lowering dietary calcium in the presence of microbial phytase increased the digestibility of phytate phosphorus by an additional 10.9 (p=0.001) and 5.7 percentage units for duodenal and ileal digestibility, respectively. Supplementation with microbial phytase significantly reduced fecal excretion of nitrogen and phosphorus and increased the percentage of these nutrients retained by the pig. Lowering dietary calcium further increased the percentage of dietary phosphorus retained. Overall, reducing dietary calcium appeared to increase the effectiveness of added microbial phytase in degrading phytate phosphorus. As a result, care should be taken to avoid high levels of dietary calcium when supplementing swine diets with microbial phytase.
Keywords: Pigs; Microbial Phytase; Phytate Phosphorus; Calcium


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