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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 11(6); 1998 > Article
Swine Nutrition and Feed Technology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1998;11(6): 732-738.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1998.732    Published online December 1, 1998.
Patterns of Nitrogen Excretion in Growing Pigs
K. U. Lee, R. D. Boyd, R. E. Austic, D. A. Ross, In K. Han
Abstract
Three crossbred gilts weighing 61 2 kg (mean SD) and three gilts weighing 52 3 kg on the day before the first treatment began (d-1) were used for each of two experiments (Exp. 1 and Exp. 2), respectively. In Exp. 1, all pigs were fed the experimental diet (CP 19%) from d-7 to the end of study (d 21) to verify that nitrogen retention is constant during the 21 -d period. In Exp. 2, pigs were fed the control diet (CP 15.5%) from d -7 to d 8 and then the low-lysine diet from d 9 to d 16 in order to determine how rapidly dietary changes in amino acid composition results in a new equilibrium for nitrogen metabolism. The amount of urine nitrogen loss was not different over 21 days (p > 0.10). Rates of nitrogen retention were not different among pigs (p > 0.10) nor over time (p > 0.10). Average nitrogen retention during the period was 1.00g / kg BW0.75 per day. The apparent biological value was 41%, which did not change over the 3-week period (p > 0.10). The overall efficiency of nitrogen use for nitrogen retention was 35% (Exp. 1). The amount of nitrogen loss in urine and the efficiency of nitrogen utilization for nitrogen gain reached a new equilibrium within 2 to 3 d after the diet was changed. The low-lysine diet resulted in a 20% increase of nitrogen loss in urine (p < 0.001) and a 9% decline in efficiency of nitrogen use for nitrogen retention (p <0.001). Nitrogen retention while the pigs were fed the control diet was also higher than the retention when pigs were fed the low lysine diet (p < 0.001). The efficiency of nitrogen use for nitrogen retention in pigs fed the control diet was 57% (Exp. 2), which was higher (p < 0.001) than that from pigs fed the low-lysine diets (52%).
Keywords: Pigs; N Retention; N Metabolism; Lysine


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