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Ruminant Nutrition and Forage Utilization
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1998;11(5): 530-537.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1998.530    Published online October 1, 1998.
Release of Mineral Elements from Tropical Feeds during Degradation in the Rumen
M. N. M. Ibrahim, G. Zemmelink, S. Tamminga
Abstract
The proportion of dry matter (DM) and mineral elements (Ca, Mg, P, Na, K, Zn) released from eight feeds (2 rice straws, RS1 and RS2 ; 2 grasses, NB21 and guinea ; 2 leguminous fodders, glyricidia and erythrina ; jak leaves and rice bran) were studied using the nylon bag procedure. Bag incubations up to 10 days were performed in the rumen of cows fed on a ration consisting of 50% wheat straw and 50% hay. Both the type of feed and the incubation time in the rumen significantly influenced (p < 0.01) the proportion of minerals released. In legumes, jak leaves and rice bran about 80% of the potentially degradable DM fraction was solubilized within 24 h in the rumen, and with the grasses, rice straws and jak leaves a considerable proportion of DM was released between 48 and 240 h in the rumen. During the early hours of incubation (up to 24 h) there were distinct differences between and within the feed class in their ability to release all mineral elements studied. In all test feeds, high proportions of Mg and K were released within 24 h. Some feeds showed an tendency to ad/absorb Ca (grasses, rice straws and rice bran), P (jak leaves, rice straws), Na (glyricidia and rice bran) and Zn (jak leaves) from water and rumen fluid, and this was partly related to the low initial concentration. In terms of absolute quantity of mineral released, legumes (erythrina is superior to glyricidia) are a good source of Ca, Mg, P and Zn, and jak leaves a good source of Ca and Na. Within grasses, guinea contains appreciable quantity of available Mg and P. Rice bran is rich in available Mg, P and Zn
Keywords: Tropical Feeds; Minerals; Solubility


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