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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1998;11(1): 30-34.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1998.30    Published online February 1, 1998.
Effect of restricted and ad libitum feeding of urea molasses liquid diet (UMLD) on the performance of adult crossbred cattle
U. R. Mehra, A. K. Verma, R. S. Dass
To compare response of feeding concentrate mixtere and wheat straw (Group I) with either urea molasses liquid diet (UMLD) as sole ration (group II or UMLD (similar to protein equivalent of concentrate mixture) plus wheat straw (group III on intake and utilisation of nutrients and overall performance, twelve crossbred adult male cattle (Holstein Friesian 횞 Hariana) aged about 2.5 years and weighing 342 kg were randomly allotted into three equal groups following completely randomised design and fed respective diets for a period of 60 days. Thereafter, a metabolism trial of seven days duration was conducted to assess nutrient utilisation and nitrogen balance. Animals fed UMLD as sole ration consumed significantly (p < 0.01) less amount of most of the nutrients as compared to other two groups, except crude protein, intake of which was higher in this group but it was comparable between II and III and III and I. On the other hand, digestibilities of nutrients were higher (p < 0.01) in group II though it was comparable between other two groups, except ADF, the digestibility of which was lower in group II. Inspite of positive nitrogen balance in all the three groups, being significantly (p < 0.01) higher in group I, animals of group II and III lost their body weight especially to the utmost extent in group II, although the amount of energy (TDN) intake were similar statistically. Results indicate that during a scarcity period and economic compulsions, feeding of UMLD can be practised to replace only concentrate mixture from the maintenance ration of adult crossbred cattle for shorter duration as roughage part seems to be essential for the normal functioning of the rumen microbes and overall performance of the animals.
Keywords: Urea Molasses Liquid Diet; Crossbred Cattle; Restricted Feeding Nutrient Utilisation

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