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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1996;9(4): 405-410.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1996.405    Published online August 1, 1996.
Genetical studies on native chickens in Indonesia
Y. Yamamoto, T. Namikawa, I. Okada, M. Nishibori, S. S. Mansjoer, H. Martojo
Abstract
Phylogenetic analyses were carried out using four Indonesian native chicken breeds; Kampung, Bangkok, Pelung and Kedu. Gene frequencies of four blood group(A, B, D and E) and eight electrophoretic loci(akp, Akp-2, Es-1, Amy-1, Alb, Tf, Pas and Pa-1) were examined. Geographical and breed specific trends in the gene frequencies were not found in the local population of Kampung breed or in four native breeds. The values of average heterozygosity were extimated as 0.35-0.45. Genetic distances among the local populations of Kampung breed and other native breeds were comparatively small. In a cluster analysis, the Bangkok breed and Kampung E population showed distance from another cluster. The coefficient of gene differentiation for laocal populations of Kampung breed was estimated as 0.099.
Keywords: Blood Group; Protein Polymorphism; Genetic Distance; Coefficient of Gene Differentiation; Indonesian Native Chicken


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