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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 8(5); 1995 > Article
Animal Products
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1995;8(5): 489-494.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1995.489    Published online October 1, 1995.
Sero-epidemiological study of brucellosis among goats and sheep at Pshawar district
M. Ghani, M. Siraj, A. Zeb, M. Naeem
Abstract
Sero-epidemiological study was carried out to observe the prevalence of brucellosis in 500 slaughtered as well as in 500 healthy animals in Peshawar district of N.W.F.P. all serum samples were subjected to four serological tests i.e. Standard Plate Test(SPT), Standard Tube Test(STT), Rivanol Test(RV) and 2, Mercapto-Ethanol Test(2, ME). The incidence of disease in 500 healthy animals tested by standard plate test, standard tube test rivanol test and 2, Mercaptoethanol test, was 2.8%, 1.8%, 1.6% and 1.2% respectively. While the incidence of brucellosis in 500 slaughter animals from Peshawar abattoir was 3.0%, 2.2%, 2.00% and 1.2% by standard plate test, standard tube test, rivanol test and 2, Mercapto-ethanol test. The disease prevalence was higher in slaughtered snimals as compared to healthy animals. The disease was more commeon in goats than sheep, also more prevalence in aged female than younger stocks. The efficacy of SPT was found more effective as compared to STT, RV and 2, ME tests both in slaughtered as well as apparently healthy animals at Peshawar district. Standard Plate test detected 2.9%, Standard Tube test 2.0%, Rivanol test 1.8% and 2, Mercapto-ethanol test detected 1.2% positive cases in slaughtered as well as in healthy animals. So the Standard Plate Test was found to be more reliable, sensitive, and easy to performed.
Keywords: Brucellosis; Sheep and Goats; SPT, STT, RV and 2 ME Tests; Peshawar
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