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Ruminant Nutrition and Forage Utilization
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1995;8(2): 113-118.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1995.113    Published online April 1, 1995.
The use of multinutrient block supplemented to urea treated rice straw base diet for dairy heifers
B. Cheva-Isarakul, S. Promma
Abstract
Eighteen Holstein Friesian 횞 Native heifers with an average live weight of 175.4 27.8 kg were allotted to 3 dietary groups. All animals were kept individually in a stanchion barn with free access to water and urea-treated rice straw(UTS). The supplemented feeds were as follows: Group(Gr) 1 - concentrate mixture(15% CP) at 1% body weight(BW), Gr 2 - concentrate mixture at 0.7% BW + free licking of multinutrient block(MNB), Gr 3 - as Gr 2 + 0.3% BW ground com. Multinutrient block composed of 20% mineral mixture, 10% urea, 18% molasses, 20% soybean meal, 22% sesame meal, 10% cement, 0.15 million IU and 50 IU/kg MNB of vitamin A and E. The experimental period lasted 12 weeks. The result revealed that MNB enhanced intake of UTS and total dry matter intake. Animals in Gr 3 consumed a higher amount of feed than the other 2 groups, thus resulting in the highest live weight gain and tended to possess the best feed conversion ratio. Heifers in Gr 2 also performed better than Gr 1 although the difference was not significant. Average MNB intake found to be 0.65 kg/day. Feed cost per kg gain was not significantly different amon groups. However if the cost of MNB could be lower, it would benefit the production cost of animals. The advantage of MNB is the safety of using a high level of urea. Although it was supplemented to UTS which also contained non-protein nitrogen(NPN), no toxic sighn was shown. The results indicated that MNB could be partially substituted to concentrate mixture and it was even better when used incombination with soluble carbohydrate feed
Keywords: Urea-molasses Block; Multinutrient Block; Mineral Block; Urea Treated Rice Straw; Dairy Heigers; Urea


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