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Ruminant Nutrition and Forage Utilization
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1994;7(3): 347-355.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1994.347    Published online September 1, 1994.
Deer farming in Korea : On-farm survey in Kyung-kee and Chung-buk provinces
W. S. Kwak, K. H. Kim, C. W. Kim, B. T. Jeon, S. M. Lee
Thirty farmers, representing three major deer counties in Kyung-Kee province and 50 farmers scattered in Chung-Buk province were interviewed to determine the current status of the Korean deer industry. Items surveyed were general information, farmed deer breeds, farm facilities, feeding and nutrition, hygiene and disorder incidence, velvetting, income sources, products and their sale, management problems, and herd size control. The 88 deer farmed in Kyung-Kee province included spotted deer (Cervus Nippon, 69.4%), red deer (Cervus elaphus, 6.1%), wapiti (Cervus elaphus Canadensis, 12.2%), spotted 횞 red deer hybrids (6.2%), red deer 횞 wapiti hybrids (4.6%), and fallow deer (Dama dama, 1.5%). Poor information on feeding was evidenced by wide variation among farms of daily feed supply and ratios of forage to concentrate, and poor nutritional considerations accoding to physiological status of deer. Hygiene needed more attention. The incidence of diseases and disorders was high; enteritis (73.3% in Kyung-Kee province), fractures (60.0%), and dystocia (56.7%). The major source of farm income was velvet antler and its blood. To improve productive efficiency, attention should be given to improving farm facilities, simplified product marketing, developing standard feeding system and economic grazing system.
Keywords: Game Farming; Deer; Feed; Velvet Antler
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