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Ruminant Nutrition and Forage Utilization
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1994;7(1): 137-145.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1994.137    Published online March 1, 1994.
Influence of amino acid supplements to a straw-maize-based urea diet on duodenal digesta flow and digestion in sheep
T. Fujimaki, Y. Kobayashi, M. Wakita, S. Hoshino
Amino acid (AA) substituted diets had no influence on rumen levels of total volatile fatty acids (VFA), ammonia and 慣-amino-N, but tended to increase molar proportions of isovalerate and counts of total viable AA utilizing and celluloytic bacteria in the rumen as compared with the control urea diet. The AA diets did not affect daily flow to the duodenum of dry matter (DM), organic mater (OM) and acid detergent fibre (ADF), and rumen digestibility of these nutrients. However, the AA diets, in particular the 10 essential AA (EAA) diet improved total digestibility of DM, OM and ADF by decreasing faecal output of these fractions. Although N flow to the duodenum and N retention were not affected with the dietary treatments, duodenal bacterial flow appeared to increase by the AA diets when it was estimated by means of 2,6-diaminopimelic acid (DAP) and nucleic acid-purine bases (PB) as markers. The results suggest that AA supplements to a urea diet could improve feed utilization by stimulating microbial activity and proliferation in the rumen but and increased microbial activity per se is not necessarily associated with improvement of feed conversion.
Keywords: Amino Acid Supplements; Duodenal Flow; Microbial Efficiency; Digestion; Sheep

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