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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 6(3); 1993 > Article
Ruminant Nutrition and Forage Utilization
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1993;6(3): 331-337.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1993.331    Published online September 1, 1993.
The effect of duck hepatitis B virus on persistent infection on laying performance in brown Tsaiya ducks
C. Tai, J. J. L. Tai, P. J. Chen
Abstract
In order to understand the effect of duck hepatitis B virus (DHBV) on the economic performance of ducks, Three groups (DHBV congenitally infected, experimentally infected and DHBV negative) Brown Tsaiya ducks (Anas platyrhyncha) were used for experimental animals. Artificial insemination and pedigree hatching were applied in the propagation of ducklings, and the efficiency of vertical transmission and experimental infection was analyzed through the detection of DHBV DNA in the sera of 8-week-old offspring. The observation of the records of the first year indicated that the persistent infection had no significant effects on the performance of ducks, except the egg number of survival ducks up to 40 week of age. Thus DHBV infection did not appear to give ill effects to the economic performance of ducks in first laying year. A higher infection rate (85.3%) was obtained in congenital transmission than that (75.5%) of experimental infection. Both modes of infection did not reach 100% infectious rate, although some ducks developed transient viraemia in a tracing of DHBV DNA for 24 weeks to 11 challenged ducklings.
Keywords: Duck Hepatitis B Virus; Vertical Transmission; Experimental Infection; Laying Performance


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