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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 6(1); 1993 > Article
Swine Nutrition and Feed Technology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1993;6(1): 27-35.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1993.27    Published online March 1, 1993.
Blood protein polymorphisms of native and jungle fowls in Indodnesia
T. Hashiguchi, T. Nishida, Y. Hayashi, Y. Maeda, S. S. Mansjoer
Abstract
In an attempt to reveal the interrelationship between fowls of jungle and native origin, their gene constitutions were compared using gene frequencies at the 16 loci controlling blood protein variations. Of the 16 loci analysed by electrophoresis, polymorphism was detected at following seven loci: Es-1, Amy-1, Akp-akp, Akp-2, Alb, Tf and 6-PGD. The other nine loci: Amy-3, Es-D, PGM, PHI, MDH, To, LDH, Hb-1 and Hb-2, were noted to be monomorphic. Genetic distance between pairs of native fowl and jungle fowls was estimated by a numerical taxonomic method. The Indonesian native fowl was genetically close to the Indonesian red jungle fowl, and the grey jungle fowl was genetically similar to the Ceylonese jungle fowl. It was also suggested that the green jungle fowl was genetically remote from the other jungle fowls and from the Indonesian native flow. The proportion of polymorphic loci (Ppoly), the expected average heterozygosity per individual H, and the effective number of alleles per locus (Ne) were calculated to evaluate the genetic variabilities in the native and jungle fowls. The Indonesian native fowl exhibited slightly higher the proportion of polymorphic loci than the jungle fowls.
Keywords: Protein Polymorphism; Native Fowl; Jungle Fowl; Indonesia; Genetic Distance; Genetic Variability


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