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Ruminant Nutrition and Forage Utilization
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1992;5(4): 717-722.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1992.717    Published online December 1, 1992.
Effect of milk yield on growth of multiple calves in Japanese Black cattle (Wagyu)
K. Shimada, Y. Izaike, O. Suzuki, M. Kosugiyama, N. Takenouchi, K. Ohshima, M. Takahashi
Abstract
An experiment was conducted to examine the feasibility of producing multiple calves using embryo transfer in Japanese Black cattle. Milk yield of cows and forage intake of calves were measured for 11 cows with single calves, 14 cows with twins and one cow with triplets. The means of 26 weeks cumulative milk yield were 854, 1028 and 1271 kg for cows having singles, twins and triplets, respectively. Male birth weights for single calves, twins and triplet were 34.9, 26.6 and 19.9 kg, and female ones were 31.7, 24.1 and 22.1 kg, respectively. Weight and daily gain of calves were affected by weeks (W), sex (S), the number of calves (N), parity, birth season, W 횞 N, S 횞 N and regression on milk yield. Growth rate was higher for single calves than for twins until about 9 weeks of age, then weights increased at a similar rate. Male calf weaning weights for singles, twins and triplets were 207.0, 177.1 and 162.2 kg, and those for females were 185.4, 151.6 and 180.4 kg, respectively. Average regression coefficients of calf growth on milk yield were significant, and single calf was affected more than twin calves by increment of milk yield. As the number of calves per cow increased, hay intake of calves decreased and concentrate intake tended to increase between 6 and 13 weeks of age.
Keywords: Beef Cattle; Embryo Transfer; Multiple Calves; Milk Yield; Calf Growth; Feed Intake


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