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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 4(3); 1991 > Article
Review Paper
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1991;4(3): 203-209.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1991.203    Published online September 1, 1991.
Forage breeding in Taiwan - Review -
Y. K. Cheng
Abstract
Collection, evaluation and preservation of tropical forage grasses, napier grass breeding, tissue culture of pangola grass and alfalfa selection were conducted in Taiwan. The results showed that some species such as pangola grass (Digitaria decumbens) with good performance and wide adaptability were selected and released. Forage yield and quality of napier grass have been improved and have good results in animal performance. Embryogenic callus cultures from young inflorescences and stem segments of pangola grass could provide an alternative method for rapid propagation and improvement. Three better varieties of alfalfa were selected. They maintain satisfactory stands for two or three years on well-drained sand loam and loam soil, and used only as annual crop in flat area and acid soil. However, more studies in forage breeding for acid soil are required to maximize the forage quality and animal production. Thus, animal fed with forages of high quality and a few grains supplement will be the future achievement in livestock industry.
Keywords: Forage; Breeding; Cytogenetics


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