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Animal Reproduction and Physiology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2006;19(6): 789-792.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2006.789    Published online March 29, 2006.
Improved Reproductive Efficiency in Gilts by Intrauterine Infusion of Killed Boar Semen before Breeding
S. S. Capitan*, F. F. Pe챰alba, F. B. Geromo, J. M. Dalumpienes
Correspondence:  S. S. Capitan,
Abstract
Two separate trials were conducted to determine the effects of uterine priming prior to first breeding and quantify any changes in the reproductive efficiency of gilts. In trial I twelve (12) gilts were randomly assigned to 3 treatments:T1:infusion of distilled water (control), T2: single infusion of killed semen (KS1), and T3: double infusion of killed semen (KS2). Each treatment had 4 breeding gilts which were bred by natural insemination (NI). In trial II, another set of 12 breeding gilts were randomly allotted to the same treatments and were subsequently bred by artificial insemination (AI). Infusions, through the use of AI catheters, were done during the 2nd estrous cycle for T1 and T2, whereas infusions for T3 were made during the 1st and 2nd cycles. Regular breeding was subsequently made during the 3rd estrous cycle. All gilts that returned to cycle were rebred within the 30-day period. In trial I (natural breeding), total piglets born was higher (p<0.05) in T2 (12.75 piglets) and T3 (11.75 piglets) than in the control (10.5 piglets). T3 obtained the highest (p<0.05) litter size (10.25 piglets) and heaviest litter weight (74.12 kg) at 28 days weaning, followed by T2 (9.80 piglets and 65.0 kg, respectively). The control yielded the lowest (p<0.05) litter size (7.50) and the lightest litter weight (47.00 kg) at weaning. For Trial II gilts (artificially inseminated), T3 gave higher (p<0.05) litter size born alive (10.88 piglets), total piglets born (11.72 piglets) and live litter weight at birth (15.30 kg) than those of T2 and the control. These results indicate that prebreeding intrauterine infusion of killed boar semen, either single or double, improved the reproductive performance of gilts.
Keywords: Gilt; Killed Semen; Litter Size; Reproductive Efficiency; Uterine Priming
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