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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 15(4); 2002 > Article
Animal Reproduction and Physiology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2002;15(4): 477-484.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2002.477    Published online April 1, 2002.
Rearing Black Bengal Goat under Semi-Intensive Management 1. Physiological and Reproductive Performances
S. A. Chowdhury, M. S. A. Bhuiyan, S. Faruk
Abstract
Ninety pre-puberal (6-7 months) female and 15 pre-puberal male Black Bengal goats were collected on the basis of their phenotypic characteristics from different parts of Bangladesh. Goats were reared under semi-intensive management, in permanent house. The animals were vaccinated against Peste Des Petits Ruminants (PPR), drenched with anthelmentics and deeped in 0.5% Melathion solution. They were allowed to graze 6-7 h along with supplemental concentrate and green forages. Concentrates were supplied either 200-300 g/d (low level feeding) or quantity that supply NRC (1981) recommended nutrient (high level of feeding). Different physiological, productive and reproductive characteristics of the breed were recorded. At noon (temperature=95F and light intensity=60480 LUX) rectal temperature and respiration rate of adult male and female increased from 100.8 to 104.8F and 35 to 115 breath/min, indicated a heat stress situation. Young female attain puberty at an average age and weight of 7.20.18 months and 8.890.33 kg respectively. Mean age and weight at 1st kidding were 13.50.49 months and 15.30.44 kg respectively. It required 1.24-1.68 services per conception with an average gestation length of 146 days. At low level of feeding the postpartum estrus interval was 372.6 days, which reduced (p<0.05) with high feeding level to 216.9 days. Kidding interval also reduced (p<0.05) from 192 d at low feeding level to 177 d at high feeding level. On an average there were two kiddings/doe/year. Average litter sizes in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th parity were 1.29, 1.71, 1.87 and 2.17 respectively. Birth weights of male and female kids were 1.24 and 1.20 kg respectively, which increased (p<0.05) with better feeding. Although kid mortality was affected (p<0.05) by dam’s weight at kidding, birth weight of kid, milk yield of dam, parity of kidding, season of birth, but pre-netal dam’s nutrition found to be the most important factor. Kid mortality reduced from 35% at low level of feeding to 6.5% at high level of feeding of dam during gestation. Apparently, this was due to high (p<0.05) average daily milk yield (334 vs. 556 g/d) and heavier and stronger kid at birth at high feeding level.
Keywords: Black Bengal Goat; Reproduction; Feeding and Kid Mortality


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