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Ruminant Nutrition and Forage Utilization
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2001;14(8): 1110-1117.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2001.1110    Published online August 1, 2001.
Effects of LCFA on the Gas Production, Cellulose Digestion and Cellulase Activities by the Rumen Anaerobic Fungus, Neocallimastix frontalis RE1
S. S. Lee, J. K. Ha, K. J. Cheng
Responses of the rumen fungus, Neocallimastix frontalis RE1, to long chain fatty acid (LCFA) were evaluated by measuring gas production, filter paper (FP) cellulose digestion and polysaccharidase enzyme activities. LCFA (stearic acid, C18:0; oleic acid, C18:1; linoleic acid, C18:2 and linolenic acid, C18:3) were emulsified by ultrasonication under anaerobic condition, and added to the medium. When N. frontalis RE1 was grown in culture with stearic, oleic and linoleic acid, the cumulative gas production, gas pool size, FP cellulose digestion and enzymes activities significantly (p<0.05) increased at some incubation times(especially, exponential phases of fungal growth, 48 120 h of incubation) relative to that for control cultures. However, the addition of linolenic acid strongly inhibited all of the investigated parameters up to 120 h incubation, but not after 168 and 216 h of incubation. These results indicated that stearic, oleic and linoleic acids tended to have great stimulatory effects on fungal cellulolysis, whereas linolenic acid caused a significant (p<0.05) inhibitory effects on the cellulolysis by the rumen fungus. These results are the first report of the effect of LCFAs on the ruminal fungi. Further research is needed to identify the mode of action of LCFAs on fungal strains and to verify whether or not ruminal fungi have ability to hydrate unsaturated LCFAs to saturated FAs. There was high correlation between cumulative in vitro gas production and fungal growth (94.78%), FP cellulose degradation (96.34%), CMCase activity(90.86%) or xylanase activity (87.67%). Thus measuring of cumulative gas production could be a useful tool for evaluating fungal growth and/or enzyme production by ruminal fungi.
Keywords: LCFA; Stearic Acid; Oleic Acid; Linoleic Acid; Linolenic Acid; Gas Production

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