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Asian-Australas J Anim Sci > Volume 6(4); 1993 > Article
Animal Reproduction and Physiology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1993;6(4): 549-553.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1993.549    Published online December 1, 1993.
Study of comparative milk production and reproduction of jersey cattle under USA and Pakistan conditions
M. Nawaz, M. Anwar, M. A. Mirza, R. Nawaz
Abstract
In 1985, fifty Jersey cows were imported to Pakistan from United States of America (USA). This paper compares milk production and reproduction performance of imported cows and their daughters under USA and Pakistan conditions. The imported cows which had yielded 5,858 kg, of milk (305 d lactation) in the USA produced only 3,192 kg, at NARC. The milk production of their daughters averaged 2,617 kg, being 22% lower than their mothers under the same environment at NARC. Year and season of calving had no significant effects on milk production. Average milk production of the first lactation was 10% lower than the mean of the second, third and fourth lactations, but, the differences between lactation means were non-significant. Mean calving interval in the USA was 385 days, whereas the same cows had a longer (p<.01) calving interval of 490 days at NARC. The calving interval of the daughters was longer (452 d; p<.01) than their mothers calving interval in the USA, and shorter (p<.01) than their mothers calving interval in Pakistan. The low age at first calving suggests that locally born Jersey cows were not reproductively disadvantaged by the local environment and nutrition, suggesting the adaptability of this breed in the new environment.
Keywords: Reproduction; Lactation; Calving Interval; Environment; Jersey


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